# Burden of caregiving amongst family caregivers of patients with eating disorders

BACKGROUND: Eating disorders (EDs) in a close relative can be particularly stressful for family members. AIMS: To assess the perceived burden of caregivers of patients with EDs and to identify demographic and clinical variables that could predict this burden. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional study involving 145 ED patients and 246 related caregivers. ED patients completed the Health-Related Quality of Life in ED-short form, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Short Form-12. Caregivers completed the Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire-EU version, the Short Form-12, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Anorectic Behaviour Observation Scale. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact test were applied to examine the inter-variable relationships. RESULTS: A high burden of caregiving was associated with being divorced ($\beta$ = 14.23, SE = 3.88; p = 0.001), having a low level of education ($\beta$ = 4.70, SE = 1.96; p = 0.02), having high levels of anxiety ($\beta$ = 5.45, SE = 2.13; p = 0.01) or depression ($\beta$ = 5.74, SE = 2.80; p = 0.04), and caring for a relative with a low physical quality of life ($\beta$ = 5.91, SE = 1.78; p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Evaluating family caregivers of patients with ED for risk factors for increased caregiver burden and offering them assistance could reduce their perceived burden of caregiving.

AuthorPadierna, Angel; Martin, Josune; Aguirre, Urko; Gonzalez, Nerea; Mu~noz, Pedro & Quintana, Jose Ma
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Volume48(1):151-161
Year2013

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